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Germany 1939 ▶ Battle of Atlantic (3) German U-Boot Flotte Submarine Deutsche Kriegsmarine



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165 Germany 1939 ▶ Battle of Atlantic (Part 3) German U-Boot Flotte Submarine Deutsche Kriegsmarine U-37, U38, U-41
German History Archive ▶ https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLEtu_bvreispSTeS_m08OcY8sC26bJVN
U-37: The order for the boat was placed with the shipyard Deschimag AG Weser, Bremen, on July 29, 1936. The keel was laid on March 15, 1937, the launch on May 14, 1938, and the boat was commissioned under Kapitänleutnant Heinrich Schuch on August 4, 1938. From its commissioning until December 31, 1939, the boat belonged to the U-flotilla "Hundius" in Kiel as an operational or frontline boat. In April and May 1939 it carried out diving and escort exercises between Portugal and the Azores together with U 29, U 30, U 31 and U 34. When the U-flotillas were reorganized, U 37 joined the 2nd U-flotilla in Wilhelmshaven as a frontline boat from 1 January 1940 to 30 April 1941. From 1 May 1941, it served as a training boat with the 26th U-flotilla at Pillau, then from 1 April 1942 as a training boat with the 22nd U-flotilla at Gotenhafen, and finally from 1 July 1944 to 3 May 1945 as a test boat with the 4th U-flotilla at Stettin. U 37 undertook eleven enemy cruises, during which it sank 55 ships (including two warships) with a total tonnage of 202,528 GRT.
U-38: The keel of the boat was laid at AG Weser in Bremen on 15 April 1937 and it was commissioned on 24 October 1938 under Kapitänleutnant Heinrich Liebe. After commissioning, the boat belonged to the U-flotilla "Hundius" in Kiel as an operational or frontline boat until 31 December 1939. After the reorganization of the U-flotillas, U 38 belonged to the 2nd U-flotilla in Wilhelmshaven as a frontline boat from 1 January 1940. It then served from 1 December 1941 as a training boat with the 24th U-flotilla in Memel, then from 1 April 1942 as a training boat with the 21st U-flotilla in Pillau. From 1 December 1943, U 38 served as a test boat with the 4th U-flotilla in Stettin, and from 1 March 1945 to 8 May 1945 as a test boat with the 5th U-flotilla in Kiel. U 38 undertook eleven enemy cruises, during which it sank 35 ships with a total tonnage of 188,967 GRT.
U-41: The keel of the boat was laid at AG Weser in Bremen on 27 November 1937 and it was commissioned on 22 April 1939 under Kapitänleutnant Gustav-Adolf Mugler. The boat belonged to the U-flotilla "Hundius" in Kiel as an operational or front-line boat until 31 December 1939. After the reorganization of the U-flotillas, U 41 belonged to the 2nd U-flotilla in Wilhelmshaven as a front-line boat from 1 January 1940 until its sinking on 5 February 1940. U 41 undertook three enemy cruises, during which it sank five ships with a total tonnage of 22,815 GRT.

The Battle of the Atlantic, the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, ran from 1939 to the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, covering a major part of the naval history of World War II. At its core was the Allied naval blockade of Germany, announced the day after the declaration of war, and Germany's subsequent counter-blockade. The campaign peaked from mid-1940 through to the end of 1943. The Battle of the Atlantic pitted U-boats and other warships of the German Kriegsmarine (Navy) and aircraft of the Luftwaffe (Air Force) against the Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, United States Navy, and Allied merchant shipping. Convoys, coming mainly from North America and predominantly going to the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, were protected for the most part by the British and Canadian navies and air forces. These forces were aided by ships and aircraft of the United States beginning September 13, 1941.

history, ww2, Atlantic, Deutsche Kriegsmarine, U-Boot, U Boat, Marina, Navy, submarine
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