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Bestial Execution of Alexander Schmorell - Cruel Fate for Defying Nazi Germany - The White Rose -WW2



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Bestial Execution of Alexander Schmorell - Cruel Fate for Defying Nazi Germany - The White Rose -WW2. Alexander Schmorell was born on the 16th of September 1917 in Orenburg, then the Russian Empire. After In 1939 Schmorell announced his intentions to become a doctor, he was discharged as a noncommissioned officer and began studies in medicine in Hamburg. After studying there for 1 semester, he returned to Munich to continue his education at the Ludwig Maximilian University.
The Second World War began on the 1st of September 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The German invasion of France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands started on the 10th of May 1940 and became known as the Battle of France. These countries, along with France, where Schmorell served as a medical noncommissioned officer, were conquered within 6 weeks.
In September 1940, Schmorell returned to Munich to continue his studies. There in June 1941 he came to know Hans Scholl, whom he met through Christoph Probst, his life-long friend. In the summer of the next year he met Willi Graf, another university student. Together they discussed what Graf had experienced in Serbia and Poland where he had worked as a medic. In Poland Willi Graf had also seen the Warsaw Ghetto which was the largest of all Jewish ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe during World War II.
On Sunday, the 22nd of June 1941 started Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union. Willi Graf was sent to Russia where he saw unspeakable atrocities committed by the Nazi Party's own SS forces and the Wehrmacht. These experiences traumatized him.
When Graf was relieved of duty temporarily and sent back to the University of Munich to continue his studies in April 1942, he shared these experiences with Alexander Schmorell as well as Hans Scholl and Christoph Probst. They felt compelled to take action and began the Nazi Resistance Movement "The White Rose".
From the end of June until mid-July 1942, they wrote the first four leaflets.
In the summer of 1942, male students at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich were required to deploy to the Eastern Front. Among them were Alexander Schmorell as well as Hans Scholl and Willi Graf.
From the 23rd of July 1942, the young men served as medics in Russia where they saw with their own eyes how German soldiers treated prisoners and Jews in the occupied territories. They observed the horrors of war and saw beatings and other mistreatment of Jews by the Germans.
In January 1943, the fifth leaflet, "Appeal to all Germans! was produced in 6,000–9,000 copies, using a hand-operated duplicating machine.
Soon after on the 2nd of February 1943, after months of fierce fighting and heavy casualties, the surviving German forces—only about 91,000 soldiers—surrendered Stalingrad on the Volga. The Battle of Stalingrad ended with the capitulation and near-total loss of the Wehrmacht's Sixth Army.
While Hans Scholl was very depressed about the events in Stalingrad, Alexander Schmorell, as someone who cared about Russia, was downright happy about the newly created strategic situation for the Russians.
On the 3rd, 8th, and 15th of February, Alexander Schmorell, Hans Scholl, and Willi Graf graffitied public buildings with slogans such as "Hitler the Mass murderer!", "Down with Hitler" and "Freedom" on the walls of the university and other buildings in Munich.
The group also produced their sixth pamphlet which was to be their last.

On the 18th of February 1943, while Hans and Sophie were distributing leaflets at the Ludwig Maximilian University, Sophie flung the last remaining leaflets from the top floor down into the atrium. However, she was seen by Jakob Schmid, the university maintenance man and avowed Nazi, who reported it to the official secret police of Nazi Germany - the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie were arrested.
Christoph Probst was arrested two days after the Scholl siblings.
Along with Christoph Probst, the two siblings were tried for treason before the Nazi "People's Court" which was infamous for its unfair political trials. The head judge of the court, Roland Freisler, was known as the "Hanging judge".

On the 13th of July 1943, Alexander Schmorell and Kurt Huber were alerted that their execution would happen later that day. He was 25 years old when he was executed.

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