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Chase, Samuel - História

Chase, Samuel - História


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Chase, Samuel (1741-1811) Sudca Najvyššieho súdu: Samuel Chase sa narodil v Somerset County, Maryland, 17. apríla 1741. Samuel Chase sa narodil v roku 1741 v Marylandskom statku. Od osemnástich do dvadsiatich rokov študoval právo na firme v Annapolise, pričom vlastnú prax začal v roku 1761. V roku 1764 vstúpil do koloniálneho zákonodarného zboru a zostal tam ďalšie desaťročie. Keď bol schválený zákon o pečiatkach, bol úradníkmi Annapolisu odsúdený za účasť na Synoch slobody. V rokoch 1774 až 1775 pôsobil v mnohých vlasteneckých organizáciách; vrátane korešpondenčného výboru Marylandu, Rady bezpečnosti a provinčného dohovoru. Hral aktívnu úlohu v kontinentálnom kongrese, obhajoval embargo na obchod s Britániou a bránil Georga Washingtona pred svojimi oponentmi. V roku 1776 cestoval do Montrealu ako súčasť výboru, ktorý sa neúspešne snažil vytvoriť úniu s Kanadou. V roku 1778 ho nevrátili do Kongresu kvôli obvineniu, že použil privilegované informácie na zarábanie peňazí na trhu s múkou. V rokoch 1788 až 1795 pôsobil ako hlavný sudca trestného súdu v okrese Baltimore. Napriek tomu, že bol pôvodne proti ústave, pokračoval v jej podpise a stal sa silným zástancom federalistov. Zastával sudcovské kreslá na krajskej i štátnej úrovni a v rokoch 1796 až 1811 bol prísediacim sudcu Najvyššieho súdu. Na Najvyššom súde zdôraznil nadradenosť federálnej vlády nad štátnymi zákonmi a podporil obmedzenie zákonodarných právomocí. Snemovňa reprezentantov ho v roku 1804 obvinila z prečinu, pretože na súde otvorene odsúdil Jeffersonovu administratívu. Senát ho však oslobodil, pričom vysvetlil, že Chaseovo správanie nemožno spravodlivo považovať za pochybenie. Chase zostal na Najvyššom súde až do svojej smrti vo Washingtone, D.C., 19. júna 1811. Pochovali ho na cintoríne svätého Pavla.


Chase, Samuel - História

Zostavil doktor Charles Banks, c. 1925.
Prepísal a pripravil pre web C. Baer 1999.
[Pripomienky v zátvorkách pridal C. Baer, ​​1999. Zdroje na vyžiadanie.]

12. ISAAC CHASE, (Thomas1), prvý z mien, ktorý sa usadil na vinici Marty, pochádzal z rodu Chaseovcov z farnosti Chesham v Buckinghamshire prostredníctvom Aquily, a) jeho starého otca, krst. 14. augusta 1580. Richard, b) jeho prastarý otec, kr. 23. augusta 1542 (ktorý m. Joan Bishop 16. mája 1564) a Thomas (c). Isaac2 bol b. abt. 1. apríla 1650 alebo 1647 (podľa jeho náhrobku) a prišiel prvý do Tisbury v roku 1674, pričom so sebou priniesol kováčsky obchod a tiež jeho záľuby v kvakerskom náboženstve. [Pozri tiež Annals of Tisbury: Náčrtky raných osadníkov. ]

On m. (1) MARY PERKINS z Hamptonu, N. H. (sestra jeho spoluemigranta na vinicu, Jacob Perkins) 20. februára 1673, s ktorou nemal žiadny problém. Ona d. onedlho a on m. (2) MARY TILTON (sestra iného spolu emigranta, Samuela Tiltona (3) [*Pozri poznámku.]) 5. októbra 1675, obrad vykonával reverend John Mayhew. Bola b. 1658-9 a d. 14. júna 1746 bola matkou všetkých jeho detí. Jeho Wil1 12. februára 1721-22 bol pro. Júla 1727 a jeho veľký pozemok, ktorý zahŕňal takmer celú súčasnú dedinu Vineyard Haven, sa stal dedičstvom pre jeho deti. [Je pochovaný na cintoríne Crossways.]

20. THOMAS, nar. 9. novembra 1677.
21. RACHEL, nar. 25. októbra 1679 m. (1) SAMUEL KNIGHT (20) z Charlestown 19. júla 1700 (2) SAMUEL MUNKLEY po roku 1721.
22. ISAAC, nar. 21. januára 1681.
23. ABRAHAM, nar. 10. januára 1683.
24. JAMES, nar. 15. januára 1685.
25. MARY, nar. 17. januára 1687 m. BENJAMINSKÉ TÝŽDNE (16) 14. januára 1704.
26. JOZEF, nar. 26. februára 1689.
27. JONATHAN, nar. 28. decembra 1691.
28. HANNAH, nar. 25. novembra 1693 m. NATHAN PEASE (120) 30. októbra 1712.
29. SARAH, nar. 15. októbra 1695 m. SAMUEL COBB 27. júna 1716. [Je pochovaná na cintoríne West Tisbury Village.]
30. PRISCILLA, nar. 12. novembra 1697 m. NATHAN FOLGER 18. novembra 1718.
31. ELIZABETH, nar. 7. septembra 1703 d. 27. septembra 1719 unm. [Je pochovaná na cintoríne Crossways.]

20. THOMAS CHASE, (Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. 9. novembra 1677 res. Domy Diera, kapitán-námorník. On m. JANE SMITH (350) 21. februára 1704, nar. abt. 1685. On d. 22. decembra 1721 vo Virgínii počas pobrežnej plavby v jeho šalupe „Vinica“. Jeho est. Bol rozdelený 15. októbra 1725. [Jeho náhrobok možno nájsť na cintoríne Crossways.] The wid. m. (2) THOMAS CATHCART (10) 15. mája 1724.

35. THOMAS, nar. 29. december 1713.
36. SARAH, nar. 14. decembra 1717 m. (l) SAMUEL DAGGETT (60) 8. novembra 1733 (2) EBENEZER ALLEN (59) abt. 1745. [Je pochovaná na cintoríne Crossways.]

22. ISAAC CHASE, (Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. 21. januára 1681 res. Chickemmoo, kováč a námorník. On m. MARY PEASE (65) 3. apríla 1702, ktorý bol nar. abt. 1680. On d. na mori 13. októbra 1716 a jeho est. bol admi. od jeho brata. Abrahám 25. februára 1719-20. Vdova m. (2) RICHARD CROOKER alebo Crocker 9. júla 1720.

40. NATHAN, nar. 16. júla 1702.
41. CORNELIUS, nar. 14. júla 1705 d. abt. 1727 unm.
42. STEPHEN, nar. 24. septembra 1708.
43. ISAAC, nar. 15. júla 1712.
44. JOZEF, nar. 22. december 1713.
45. LEVI, nar. 30 Mch 1716 res. Sendvič, Mass. Bef. 1739.

23. ABRAHAM CHASE, (Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. 10. januára 1683 Homes Hole, prevozník, hostinský, obchodník. On m. (1) ABIGAIL BARNARD (1709) prob. dau. Nathaniela a Márie (Barnard) Barnarda z Nantucketu, ktorý bol nar. 1685 a d. 15. októbra 1731 m. (2) MERCY NICKERSON z Falmouthu, dau. z Nathaniel3 Nickerson z Chathamu, 5 Mch. 1732, ktorý bol f. 1710 a d. 11. septembra 1786. Jeho testament 1. februára 1760 bol pro. 5 Mch. 1764. [Je pochovaný na cintoríne Crossways.] Jeho vdova. Mercy m. (2) THOMAS WINSTON a d. ako vdova po tom druhom [11. septembra 1786.]

50. MARY, nar. abt. 1710 m. REUBEN BUNKER 23. septembra 1731.
51. ELEANOR, nar. 8. októbra 1712 m. JAMES LONG 29. novembra 1734.
52. ABIGAIL, nar. 30. októbra 1714 m. JOHN WELDON.
53. ABRAHAM, nar. 14. februára 1716.
54. TIMOTHY, nar. 23. júla 1717 prob. d. s. p.
55. HANNAH, nar. 15 Mch. 1725 m. (1) JOHN FERGUSON 21. septembra 1742 (2) CHRISTOPHER LUCE (55) 28 Mch. 1769.
Od druhej manželky:
56. VALENTÍN, nar. 15. júna 1735.
57. ZACCHEUS, nar. 15. júna 1737.
58. DAVID, nar. 4. júna 1739 d. r. [Je pochovaný na cintoríne Crossways.]
59. ČAKAJTE MILOR, b. 9. apríla 174: (1) JOHN WEST (z Dartmouthu) 3. júla 1758 (2) JEREMIAH CRAPO.
60. MARGARET, nar. 21. mája 1750 m. SAMUEL LOOK (53) 11. apríla 1769. [Je pochovaná na cintoríne Crossways.]

24. JAMES CHASE, (Isaac, 2 Thomasl), nar: január 1685 res. Domy Hole rem. do Newportu, R. I. abt. 1714 a do Nantucketu bef. 1740. On m. RACHAEL BROWNE dau. Johna a Rachaela (Gardnera) Browna, ktorý bol nar. 14. decembra 1687 a d. 24. septembra 1741.

70. ANNE, nar. 22 apt. 1709 m. TIMOTHY FOLGER 5. decembra 1733.
71. BENJAMIN, nar. 28. augusta 1710 m. MARGARETOVÝ ZAHRADNÍK 12. decembra 1734.
72. RACHEL, nar. 30. augusta 1712 m. PETER FITCH 18. februára 1730.
73. JAMES, nar. 31. júla 1715 m. ANNE GARDNER 15. decembra 1737.
74. BROWNE, nar. 13 Mch. 1718.
75. ELIZABETH, nar. 16. februára 1720 m. GEORGE GARDNER 18. januára 1738-9.
76. JEDIDAH, nar. 15. februára 1723 m. ROBERT BARKER 16. februára 1744.

26. JOSEF CHASE, (Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. 26. februára 1689 res. Domy Diera, klobúčnik. On m. LYDIA COFFIN 26. júla 1714, ktorá bola nar. 6. mája 1697 a d. 17. júla 1749. Rem. do Nantucketu bef. 1729 a neskôr abt. 1737 do E., kde je pochovaný so svojou manželkou. Veľa vlastnil v prístave pred E., jedným z „päťdesiatich a dvadsať“ južne od Hlavnej ulice. [Joseph a Lydia sú pochovaní na cintoríne Tower Hill.]

80. ABEL, nar. 9. októbra 1719.
81. MARY, nar. 9. apríla 1720 m. DAVID DUNHAM (141) 4. októbra 1748.
82. PRISCILLA, nar. (1728) m. HENRY SMITH 17 Mch. 1740-41.
83. DAMARIS, nar. 12. mája 1724 m. PETER RIPLEY (17).
84. LYDIA, nar. 1726 m. SHUBAEL DUNHAM (130).
85. RACHEL, nar. (1730) m. THOMAS GWINN 9. júla 1769.
86. SARAH, nar. 7. apríla 1735 m. SETH PEASE (163) 1. októbra 1753.
87. BENJAMIN, nar. 14. mája 1737 prob. d. r.
88. JOZEF, nar. 14. mája 1737.
89. THOMAS, krst. 24. júna 1739.

27. JONATHAN CHASE, (Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. 28. decembra 1691 res. Domy Hole rem. do Newportu, R. I., kde nasledoval podnikanie vinára. On m. MEHITABLE _____ asi 1711, ale nie je nič známe o jej rodičovskom narodení alebo smrti. On d. 20. júla 1743. Je prob. že záznamy Quaker môžu mať požadované informácie.

90. ANNE, nar. 1. novembra 1711 m. (1) RICHARD EDWARDS (2) JOHN SCOTT 10, júl 1740.
91. PERKINS, nar. 6. januára 1713 m. ELIZABETH IRESON 9. júla 1738.
92. MEHITABLE, b. 4. mája 1716 m. GEORGE LAWRENCE 9. júla 1738.
93. JONATHAN, nar. 1. februára 1718 m. ANN KELLEY 9. júna 1739.
94. JEDIDAH, b. 4. september 1720 d. 1. december 1729.
95. PHILANDA, nar. (1728) m. ELEAZER WHITE 8. apríla 1741.
96. ABIGAIL, b. 30. januára 1724 m. JOHN DOWNS 17. júna 1744.
97. ANDREW, b.30. Augusta 1726 m. ANNA ALDEN.
98. HEMAN, b. 6. apríla 1728 m. PAMELIA (BREETER?)
99. PHILIP, nar. 3. októbra 1730 m. ANNA BUDDOVÁ.

35. THOMAS CHASE, (Thomas, 3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), nar. 29. december 1713 res. Domy Diera, námorník. On m. ELIZABETH ATHEARN (23) 16. augusta 1733, ktorý bol r. 13. apríla 1715. On zomrel. 7. januára 1738–39 vo Virgínii. Široký. m. (2) KAPITOLA. PETER WEST (25) 16. decembra 1740 [a zomrel 2. septembra 1789.]

40. NATHAN CHASE, (Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), nar. 16. júla 1702 res. Nantucket, káblový reťazec. On m. PARNELL DLHÝ 24. októbra 1723. Rem. do T., 1739 a r. tam 1750. Jeho testament 30. augusta 1750 bol pro. 20. novembra 1750 a rozdelenie jeho majetku bolo urobené 16. novembra 1757. Vôľa Wid. Parnell Chase bol z 12. septembra 1757 a prof. 4. októbra 1757.

110. TOMÁŠ.
111. JONATHAN, ktorý zomrel, sa stavil. 1750-57 s. p.
112. BENJAMIN, zomrel abt. 1758, prob. vo francúzskej a indickej vojne. Jeho testament 24. mája 1758 pro. 2. januára 1759 prenecháva všetok majetok bratom Thomasovi a Shubaelovi.
113. SHUBAEL.
114. ISAAC.
115. MARY, m. THOMAS SMITH (411) 25. augusta 1748.
116. ANN, m. JOSEF HOVEY.

42. STEPHEN CHASE, (Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), f. 24. septembra 1708 res. Nantucket. On m. (1) MARSHALL PACIENCE 7. septembra 1730 dau. Josepha Marshalla. Ona d. 27. februára 1749 a on m. (2) DINAH FOLGER 3. januára 1742.

120. CHARLES, nar. 31. mája 1731 m. (1) JANE COLEMAN 30. júla 1755 (2) EUNICE COFFIN, 16. apríla 1771.
121. CORNELIUS, nar. 21. septembra 1734.
122. ABIGAIL, nar. 15. apríla 1737.
123. REBECCA, nar. 10. júla 1739.
Od druhej manželky:
124. MARGARET, nar. (1743) m. CRISPUS GARDNER 8. decembra 1768.
125. DEBORAH, nar. (1745).
126. MIRIAM, nar. (1747) m. JOHN MORRIS 9. januára 1772.
127. MARY, nar. (1749)
128. JOZEF, nar. (1751) m. REBECCA FOLGER 15. februára 1778.
129. REUBEN, nar. 23. júna 1754 d. 23. júna 1824 m. JUDITH GARDNER 19. júna 1783
129a. ZIMRI.

43. ISAAC CHASE, (Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), nar. 15. júla 1712 res. T., stolár. On m. (1) MARY COFFIN 24. februára 1736, ktorý r. 2. októbra 1765 m. (2) PANI. BETHIAH (MAYHEW) (85) NORTON, wid. Jakuba, ktorý bol nar. 31 Mch. 1712 a d. 29 Mch. 1796.

130. EUNICE, f. 4. augusta 1738 m. (1) VALENTÍNSKY CHASE (56) (2) DAVID MERRY (33) 29. decembra 1761.
131. RHODA, nar. 4. mája 1741 m. JAMES WINSLOW 3. novembra 1757.
132. GEORGE, nar. 30 mch 1744 m. LUCY NORTON (144) 16. februára 1769 a r. 22. februára 1778, prob. s. p.
133. ISAAC, nar. 8. mája 1746 d. Novembra 1771.
134. MARY, nar. 11. júna 1748 m. GEORGE WEST (131) 10. decembra 1767.
135. JOZEF, nar. 6. augusta 1750 m. MARTHA HILLMAN (147) 26. decembra 1772.
136. HANNAH, nar. 16. augusta 1756 m. ELISHA LUCE (645) 9. júla 1778.
137. CORNELIUS, nar. 10. júna 1759.

44. JOSEF CHASE, (Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), f. 22. december 1713 res. Nantucket, námorník. On m. MIRIAM COFFIN 26. decembra 1737.

140. FRANCIS, nar. 10. septembra 1738 m. NAOMI GARDNER 5. januára 1764.
141. PAUL, nar. 2. augusta 1741 d. 3. december 1756.

53. ABRAHAM CHASE, (Abrahám, 3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), nar. 14. decembra 1716 res. Homes Hole, obchodník. On m. DORUČENIE NICKERSON, dau. Williama, ktorý bol nar. 1712 a d. 3. septembra 1788. Zomrel. prob. v roku 1752 ako inventár jeho majetku bol vykonaný v máji toho roku a adm. udelené vdove súčasne. Jeho majetok bol ohodnotený na & libra183-7-1.

160. ABIGAIL, nar. (1738) m. JOHN BURGESS ich syn Tristram Burgess nar. l770 bol členom Kongresu a hlavným sudcom Rhode Islandu.
161. ELIZABETH, nar. (1740) m. MATTHEW MERRY (42) 24. dec. 1767.
162. MERCY, nar. 17. februára 1743 m. JETHRO ATHEARN (48) 5. decembra 1765.
163. TIMOTHY, nar. 22. júna 1745.
164. BENJAMIN, nar. (1747).
165. MARY, nar. Januára 1749 m. (l) NATHANIEL KETCHUM 17. januára 1769 (2) JOSEF MERRY (44) 18. júna 1778. [Je pochovaná na cintoríne Crossways.]
166. DORUČENIE, b. (1761) m. CHARLES EDMUNDSON 17. januára 1773.

56. VALENTÍNSKY CHASE, (Abrahám, 3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), f. 15. júna 1735 res. Domova diera. On m. EUNICE CHASE (130). On d. bef. 6. apríla 1761 a jeho vd. m. (2) DAVID MERRY (33) 29. decembra 1761.

180. ABRAHAM, nar. 9. december 1756 m. ELIZABETH BOURNE z Falmouthu, omša 5. novembra 1778 Rem. Cincinnati, O. a d. tam nov.1832.
181. EUNICE, f. 18 Mch. 1759.

57. ZACCHEUS CHASE (Abrahám, 3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), nar. 15. júna 1737 res. Domy Diera, bednár a námorník. On m. (1) HANNAH BUTLER (635) 22. februára 1759, ktorý bol nar. 20. júna 1736 a d. 10. mája 1770 m. (2) prob. PANI. DORUČENIE (KAHOÚN) DAGGETT wid. Petra Daggetta (110). On d. 1778 na mori.

190. NICKERSON, nar. abt. 1773. [Oženil sa s Fanny Norton (630). Boli to rodičia Sereny Chaseovej.]

80. ABEL CHASE, (Jozef, 3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), f. 9. októbra 1719 res. E., klobúčnik. On m. MERCY MAYHEW (107) 14. februára 1744, ktorý bol nar. 22. júla 1725 a d. 23. februára 1807. Zomrel. 25. januára 1808.

200. BENJAMIN, nar. 23 Dee.1745 m. ELIZABETH BROCK 27. februára 1768.
201. ZEPHANIAH, nar. 14 Mch. 1748 m. (1) ABIGAIL SKIFFE (104) 10. októbra 1773 (2) LÁSKA (ZÁPAD) SKIFFE (136) 16. januára 1785 rem. do Windhamu, N. Y. [Shirley Pond Albert [email protected]> píše, že Zephaniah a Lovey Chase mali syna Davida West Chase, ktorý bol ako dieťa prevezený do Jewett, NY v Catskills. David m. Abigail Pratt (rod. Zo Zadocku Pratt) a mali spolu dcéru Lucy Ann Chase, ktorá sa vydala za Aarona Rybníka.]

89. THOMAS CHASE, (Jozef, 3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), kr. 24. júna 1739 res. Boston, na ktoré miesto rem. ako mladý muž a stal sa liehovarníkom v Auchmutyho ulici. On m. (1) ANNA POLE (2) PANI. ELIZABETH (COLLINS)? BAGNALL 10. októbra 1771. V predrevolučných časoch bol horlivým vlastencom a zúčastnil sa slávnej „bostonskej čajovej párty“. Oficiálne sa spojil s americkou stranou a bol členom inšpekčného výboru 1774. Pripojil sa k armády potom, čo začali nepriateľské akcie a postupne sa dostali do hodnosti zástupcu generálneho správcu Massachusettských síl 1779. Od m. bol spojený s generálom Thomasom Mifflinom z Pensylvánie. On d. 17. mája 1787. „Bol humánny, dobrotivý a úprimným priateľom tejto krajiny,“ povedal v ten deň Massachusetts Centinel. Jeho široký. Alžbeta m. (2) WILLIAM GREENLEAF (int. 20. novembra 1792) a r. 19. augusta 1808 v Stoughtone, Mass.

210. ANNA, nar. 20. novembra 1764 d. r.
211. ANNA, nar. 10. augusta 1765 m. ABEL ALLEYNE (int.) 27. októbra 1787.
212. THOMAS, nar. 23. júna 1767.
213. JOZEF, nar. 23 Mch. 1769 za hodinu. d. r.
Od druhej manželky:
214. ABIGAIL, nar. 10. júna 1772.
215. (JOSEF W.?).

100. SAMUEL CHASE, (Thomas, 4-3 Izák, 2 Thomas1), nar. 26. mája 1734 res. T. farmár. On m. JEDIDAH MAYHEW (200), ktorý bol nar. 3 Mch. 1733 a r. 23. februára 1807. Rem. Livermorovi, mne. a d. tam 2. augusta 1801.

220. SARAH, nar. 9. september 1753 m. WILLIAM MERRY (37) 27. októbra 1774.
221. THOMAS, nar. 30. septembra 1755.
222. ELIZABETH, nar. (1757) m. WARD TILTON.
223. SAMUEL, nar. (1769) m. a žil v Londýne, Eng.
224. LOTHROP, nar. (1760) rem. do Virginie a m. tam.
225. TRISTRAM, nar. (1762) m. MARY MERRY (122).
226. SARSON, nar. (1764).
227. OLIVE, f. 12. augusta 1766 m. JAMES NORTON (571) 26 Mch. 1789.
228. LYDIA, nar. 4. februára 1772 m. MOSES HILLMAN (198) 11. septembra 1794.
229. BOLESŤ, nar. (1774) stratený na mori, o ktorom nikdy nebolo počuť.
230. PRUDENCIA, f. 6. júla 1776 m. NAPOLEON JONES.

110. THOMAS CHASE, (Nathan, 4 Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), nar. abt. 1724 res. T., zeman. On m. SARAH CLAGHORN (82) 28. apríla 1751, nar. abt. 1727. Žil v roku 1790, ale ďalšie znalosti o tejto rodine sú chúlostivé.

231. NATHANIEL.
232. NATHAN.
233. JAMES.
234. ANN
235. MARY, nar. 29. apríla 1769 m. SAMUEL LAMBERT (71) 4. apríla 1787.
236. LYDIA.
237. ABRAHAM.

113. SHUBAEL CHASE, (Nathan, 4 Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), nar. abt. 1728 res. Nantucket, káblový reťazec. On m. SARAH MANTER (63) 27. júla 1758 prišiel do T. abt. 1760.

240. PARNELL, nar. 14. novembra 1759 m. GEORGE HNEDÝ.
241. GEORGE, nar. 16. júla 1761 m. REBECCA COFFIN 17. júla 1788.

114. ISAAC CHASE, (Nathan, 4 Isaac, 3-2 Thomas1), nar. približne 1730 res. Nantucket, zeman. On m. MERCY CHADWICK 23. novembra 1752. Zomrel. prob. 1763 ako jeho wid. bol app'd. admx. decembra 2007.

250. JONATHAN, m. MARY SMITH 9 Mch. 1783.
251. BENJAMIN, nar. 1760.
253. ISAAC, m. EUNICE HNEDÁ 22. februára 1778.

135. JOSEF CHASE, (Isaac, 4-3-2 Thomas1), f. 6. augusta 1750 res. T. & quot; Severný breh & quot;, farmár. On m. (1) MARTHA HILLMAN (147) 26. novembra 1772, ktorý bol nar. 4. novembra 1748 a d. 9. januára 1788 m. (2) EUNICE ROTCH (46) 14. júla 1796, ktorý bol nar. 1769 a r. 7. septembra 1818. Jeho testament 28. januára 1824 bol pro. 3. december 1824.

270. (Syn) b. (1773) d. 1794 na mori.
271. LÁSKA, nar. 1774 m. WILLIAM DOWNS (61) 7. novembra 1793.
272. HANNAH, nar. 3. februára 1776 m. NOVÁ STEPHEN 10. januára 1802.
273. RHODA, nar. 14. septembra 1779 m. FREEMAN DAGGETT (125).
274. FRANCIS, nar. l júl 1781 m. PRISCILLA LUCE (800) 8. decembra 1803.
275. JOSEF, nar. 29. apríla 1783 m. HANNAH ROBINSON (126) 22. júna 1819.
276. CONSTANT, b. (1786) m. CHARLOTTE LUCE (1000) 28. mája 1812.
Od druhej manželky:
277. WILLIAM, nar. 27. decembra 1800 m. TEMPERANCE GREY (111) 26. septembra 1821.
278. GEORGE, nar. 5. júla 1803 presunutý do Wiscassetu v štáte Me.
279. ISAAC, nar. 1805 d. 1831.
280. MARY, nar. 1807.
281. TRISTRAM, nar. 1809. [r. 29. júna 1850?]

163. TIMOTHY CHASE, (Abrahám, 4-3 Izák, 2 Tomáš1), nar. 22. júna 1745 res. Domy Diera, mlynár. On m. REBECCA BASSETT 23. novembra 1773, dau. Nathaniela a Hannah (Hall) Bassettových, ktorí boli nar. 23. októbra 1750 a r. 28. októbra 1821. Postavil veterný mlyn, ktorý sa pôvodne nachádzal na Hlavnej ulici, Vineyard Haven a teraz je súčasťou rezidencie zosnulého Brig. Generál A. B. Carey, USA 28. apríla 1818 a jeho testament 27. októbra 1815 bol pro. 22. júna 1818. Súpis odhadov 6806,72 dolára. [Je pochovaný na cintoríne Crossways.]

300. ABIGAIL, nar. December 1774 d. r. [Je pochovaná na cintoríne Crossways.]
301. (mŕtve narodené dieťa) b. 9 miliónov 1777.
302. BENJAMIN, nar. 2 Mch. 1779 m. ALICE F. SPALDING 20. februára 1806.
303. TIMOTHY, nar. 28. novembra 1781 m. (1) OBSAH DUNHAM (451) 27. septembra 1804 (2) SARAH LUCE 7. júna 1818. [On d. 14. júna 1855 v Tisbury a je pochovaný na cintoríne Crossways.]
304. DORUČENIE, b. 21. januára 1784 m. EDMUND CROWELL (62) 4. novembra 1804.
305. REBECCA, nar. 14. februára 1787 m. CAPT. TRISTRAM LUCE (1109) 24. januára 1811. [Zomrela 26. júna 1862 v Tisbury.]
306. HANNAH, nar. 5. septembra 1789 m. ELISHA LUCE 14. októbra 1810. [Vydala sa za (2) Alfreda Nortona a zomrela 25. júna 1866 v Tisbury?]

221. THOMAS CHASE, (Samuel, 5 Thomas, 4-3 Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. 30. septembra 1755, res. E., farmár. On m. DESIRE LUCE (482) 8 Mch. 1780, ktorý bol f. 22. júna 1756 a d. Apríla 1851. Rem. Livermorovi, mne. v roku 1791 a r. tam, apríl 1844. Počas revolúcie slúžil v námorných silách ako súkromný obchodník a v námornom zariadení. V druhom z nich videl službu u Commodora Johna Paula Jonesa a bol zajatý a uväznený vo väznici Mill Prison, Plymouth, Anglicko. Bol predkom Elizabeth Chaseovej, rod. 9. októbra 1832, neskôr známa ako Elizabeth Akers-Allenová, básnička, autorka knihy „Rock Me to Sleep, Mother“ a ďalších známych básní.

330. THOMAS, nar. 22. februára 1782.
331. LURA, nar. 11 Mch.1784.
332. LOTHROP, nar. 22 Mch 1787.
333. JAMES, nar. 16. novembra 1789.
334. REBECCA, b.20. September 1792 m. TRISTRAM TILTON (270) 31. decembra 1818.
335. OLIVE, b. 8. novembra 1795.
336. LYDIA, nar. 8. novembra 1795.
337. LUCY, nar. 14. septembra 1801.

226. SARSON CHASE, (Samuel, 5 Thomas, 4-3 Isaac, 2 Thomas1), nar. abt. 1764 res. T., farmár. On m. (1) JANE BOARDMAN (48) ktorý bol nar. 14. augusta 1767 m. (2) MARY MAYHEW (484) ktorý bol nar. 10 Mch. 1774. On rem. Livermorovi, mne. so svojimi rodičmi a d. tam.

350. JANE, m. ISAAC HASKELL z New Gloucesteru.
351. MAYHEW, res. Livermore, obuvník.
352. SARSON, res. Livermore rem. do Charlestownu, omša.
353. MARY, m. CHARLES HOWARD.

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Súd pre obžalobu Samuela Chaseho

Pôvodne antifederalista nesúhlasiaci s ratifikáciou americkej ústavy s odôvodnením, že zbavuje štáty nezávislosti a suverenity, sudca najvyššieho súdu Samuel Chase zmenil svoje vnímanie vhodnosti silnej centrálnej vlády, keď uvidel anarchiu a šialenstvo. francúzskou revolúciou. V čase, keď sedel na najvyššom súde národa, si Chase získal povesť svojou horlivou obranou federalistickej strany a tvrdou kritikou demokraticko-republikánskej strany.

Všeobecne povedané, federalistická strana uprednostňovala silnú národnú vládu, presadzovala právne predpisy, ktoré presadzovali obchodné záujmy, podporovala vytvorenie národnej banky a verila, že federálnu vládu by mali riadiť najvzdelanejší a najbohatší Američania. Demokraticko-republikánska strana vo všeobecnosti uprednostňovala silnejšie a nezávislejšie štátne vlády, presadzovala legislatívu, ktorá presadzovala poľnohospodárske záujmy, bola proti vytváraniu národnej banky a verila, že federálna vláda by mala byť vedená ako ľudová demokracia, pričom jej moc by mala byť priamo a úzko. odvodené od bežných, priemerných Američanov.

Chaseovo politické presvedčenie ho zaľúbilo do Bieleho domu, keď bol vo funkcii federalista John Adams. V roku 1800 však demokratický republikán Thomas Jefferson porazil Adamsa, aby sa stal tretím prezidentom USA, a jeho Demokraticko-republikánska strana ovládla obe komory Kongresu. Chase zaradil demokratických republikánov do poradia ešte pred nástupom Jeffersona do funkcie. Začiatok jesenného funkčného obdobia Najvyššieho súdu v roku 1800 musel byť posunutý o niekoľko týždňov, kým Chase nedokončil kampaň za Johna Adamsa v Marylande.

Po nástupe Jeffersona do funkcie začal Chase otvorene napádať prezidenta a jeho politiku. Chase dokonca odsúdil demokratických republikánov z lavičky. Pri čítaní obvinenia veľkej baltimorskej poroty v máji 1803 Chase rozpútal to, čo jeden súčasný pozorovateľ nazval „tirádu proti demokraticko-republikánskej legislatíve“. Chase, ktorý usúdil, že Jeffersonovci v Marylande zaviedli všeobecné mužské volebné právo, navrhol veľkým porotcom, aby „krajina ... smerovala po ceste k mobokracii, najhoršej zo všetkých populárnych vlád“, a že ak zostane pri moci, Jeffersonian demokraticko-demokratický Republikáni by odstránili „všetku bezpečnosť majetku a osobnej slobody“. „Moderná doktrína ..., že všetci muži v stave spoločnosti majú právo na rovnakú slobodu a rovnaké práva,“ varoval Chase, „prinesie na nás mocné neplechy“. Chase nakoniec uviedol, že demokratickí republikáni v Kongrese vážne narušili nezávislosť súdnictva zrušením zákona o súdnictve z roku 1801, ktorý schválili laxní federalistickí zákonodarcovia, aby vytvorili ďalšie federálne sudcovské funkcie, ktoré by prezident Adams mohol vyplniť.

Keď sa Jefferson 13. mája 1803 dozvedel o Chaseovom obvinení z poroty, okamžite napísal Josephovi Nicholsonovi, jednému z jeho straníckych lídrov v Snemovni reprezentantov, ktorý navrhol zakročenie proti Chaseovi: „Tento neistý a oficiálny akt o zásadách našej ústavy by mal nasledovať: a o konaní štátu, aby zostalo nepotrestané? A komu tak verejne, ako vy, bude verejnosť hľadať potrebné opatrenia? Tieto otázky kladiem na zváženie, pre mňa je lepšie, aby som do toho nezasahoval. “ Nicholson ticho upozornil svojich demokraticko-republikánskych kolegov na Jeffersonov návrh. O necelý rok neskôr, 12. marca 1804, Snemovňa reprezentantov USA odhlasovala obžalobu Chaseho s pomerom 73 ku 32, pričom do čela vedúcich predstaviteľov domu vymenoval Johna Randolpha, Jeffersonovho bratranca a vlastného rtuťového politika. zodpovedný za stíhanie Chaseho v procese pred senátom.

Osem článkov obžaloby sa sústredilo na tri obvinenia. Prvé obvinenie vzišlo z Chaseových poznámok pred porotou v Baltimore. Druhé obvinenie vyplývalo z jeho správania sa v procese zrady Johna Friesa v roku 1800. Tretie obvinenie sa zameralo na Chaseovo správanie v procese s Jamesom Callenderom na vzbure v roku 1800. Manažéri domu spoločne tvrdili, že tieto tri obvinenia predstavovali nesprávne súdne konanie vo výške nedosiahnuteľných vysokých zločinov a priestupkov. Článok II ods. 4 americkej ústavy stanovuje, že federálni sudcovia „budú odvolaní z úradu pre obžalobu a usvedčovanie z vlastizrady, úplatkárstva alebo iných vysokých zločinov a priestupkov“.

Najmenšie závažné obvinenie sa týkalo Chaseovho postupu vo Friesovom procese. Fries bol obvinený z vlastizrady za to, že v roku 1799 viedol vzburu kvôli dani z obydlia v Pensylvánii. Na začiatku procesu s Friesom Chase doručil písomné stanovisko, v ktorom definoval význam zrady ako zákonnej záležitosti, bez toho, aby musel vypočuť argumenty. od právnikov prípadu. Friesovi zástupcovia boli ohromení. Od prípadu odstúpili, pretože tvrdili, že Chaseovo správanie neodvolateľne poškodilo porotu a znemožnilo spravodlivý proces. Bez rady bol Fries ľahko odsúdený. Na obranu svojich činov Chase povedal Senátu, že predtým, ako sa porota začala zaoberať prípadom Fries, poučil porotcov, že majú konečné slovo o definícii vlastizrady a konečné slovo o tom, ako sa táto definícia uplatní na skutočnosti prípadu.

Najzávažnejšie obvinenie sa týkalo Chaseovho postupu pri procese s Callenderom. Callender bol obvinený podľa ustanovení zákona o poburovaní za vydanie knihy, v ktorej obvinil Johna Adamsa z britského ropucha a monarchistu. Zákon o poburovaní, ktorý bol schválený v roku 1798 federalistickým kongresom, považoval za zločin hovoriť alebo písať takým spôsobom, aby prezidenta alebo kongres „priviedol k pohŕdaniu alebo hanbe“. Jeffersonovci považovali tento čin za politický nástroj, ktorý Adamsova administratíva používala na náhubok svojim odporcom.

Počas procesu obžaloby predstavitelia domu predložili dôkazy o tom, že Chase predbehol prípad Callender. Ponúkli svedectvo, že Chase po prvom prečítaní Callenderovej knihy vyjadril úmysel predložiť urážlivé pasáže veľkej porote sám a získať obžalobu proti obžalovanému. Chase priznal, že sa vyhráža takýmto konaním, ale odmietol jeho splnenie a tvrdil, že samotné ohrozenie nepredstavuje vysoký zločin ani priestupok. Manažéri domu tiež predložili dôkazy o tom, že Chase nevylúčil porotcu z rokovania v porote, aj keď si porotca o Callenderovi vytvoril nepriaznivý názor. Chase pripustil, že jeden porotca uviedol, že si vytvoril takýto názor, ale Chase povedal, že ten istý porotca tiež uviedol, že si nevytvoril názor na konkrétne obvinenia obžalovaného.

Proces sa začal 9. februára 1805 a správcom domu trvalo celých desať dní, kým predložili svedectvo viac ako 50 svedkov. Chase počas konania nevypovedal, ale namiesto toho si prečítal pripravené vyhlásenie, ktoré sa pokúšalo obvinenia vyvrátiť. Záverečné hádky sa začali 20. februára a trvali niekoľko dní. Chase zastupoval Martin Luther, jeden z najschopnejších a najrešpektovanejších právnikov v krajine. Za stíhanie prehovorilo sedem manažérov domu na čele s Randolphom. Dôkazy zvážilo 34 senátorov, 25 demokratických republikánov a 9 federalistov. aaron burr, Jeffersonov viceprezident, predsedal procesu. Na usvedčenie bolo potrebných dvadsaťdva hlasov, alebo dve tretiny Senátu.

1. marca 1805 senát oznámil svoje verdikty. Chase bol vo všetkých bodoch oslobodený. Najbližšie hlasovanie bolo 19-15 v prospech odsúdenia Chaseho za jeho protidemokraticko-republikánske poznámky veľkej porote v Baltimore. Súčasní pozorovatelia a historici udelili Martinovi Lutherovi leví podiel na oslobodzujúcich rozsudkoch. Jeho záverečná reč hlboko zapôsobila na Senát myšlienkami, že Chase bol krivdený muž a že integrita a nezávislosť federálneho súdnictva bude ohrozená presvedčením. Záverečný argument Johna Randolpha bol naopak opísaný ako taký neúčinný, dezorganizovaný, krikľavý a očividne stranícky, že dokonca aj Thomas Jefferson bol odcudzený.

Neschopnosť odsúdiť senát Chaseovi umožnila vrátiť sa na Najvyšší súd a slúžiť ďalších 6 rokov ako prísediaci sudca. Ešte dôležitejšie je, že oslobodzujúci rozsudok odradil Snemovňu reprezentantov od používania obžaloby ako straníckeho politického nástroja. Niektorí historici tvrdili, že proces obžaloby s Chaseom bol len testovacím prípadom snemovní demokratov a republikánov, ktorí by agresívnejšie stíhali iné obžaloby.

Chaseov impeachment tiež údajne zanechal trvalý dojem na Chaseovho priateľa, najvyššieho sudcu Johna Marshala, ktorý väčšinu svojej neskoršej kariéry strávil snahou dokázať, že najvyšší súd národa bol oddelený od a dokonca nad straníckou politikou. V konečnom dôsledku tieto dva výsledky predstavujú odvrátené strany tej istej mince: jeden výsledok zvýšil nezávislosť federálneho súdnictva od zasahovania zákonodarnej a výkonnej moci, zatiaľ čo druhý výsledok odhalil nebezpečenstvo tejto nezávislosti, ktorú vytvorili nezvolení federálni sudcovia, ktorí verejne útočiť na populárnu politiku demokraticky zvolených zákonodarcov.

Ďalšie čítania

Presser, Stephen B. 1991. Pôvodné nedorozumenie: Angličania, Američania a dialektika federalistickej jurisprudencie. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic.

Rehnquist, William H. 1992. Grand Inquests: The Historic Impeachments of Justice Samuel Chase a prezident Andrew Johnson. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic.

Krížové odkazy

uprednostňoval silnú vládu ovládanú elitou a postavil sa proti radikálnym myšlienkam Francúzskej revolúcie.

Chase sa narodil 17. apríla 1741 v Somerset County, Maryland. Jeho otec Thomas Chase bol britským duchovným anglickej cirkvi. Jeho matka Matilda Walker Chase zomrela pri Chaseovom narodení. V roku 1744 sa rodina presťahovala do Baltimoru, kde Chase vyrastal a získal klasické vzdelanie pod dohľadom svojho otca. Chase študoval právo v Annapolise v Marylande v kancelárii prokurátora Johna Halla od roku 1759 do prijatia do baru v roku 1763. V roku 1762 sa Chase oženil s Ann Baldwinovou. Mali sedem detí, tri z nich zomreli v detstve. Ann zomrela niekedy medzi rokmi 1776 a 1779 a v roku 1784 sa Chase oženil s Hannah Kitty Gilesovou, s ktorou mal dve dcéry.

Chase založil úspešnú advokátsku prax v Annapolise, v koloniálnom hlavnom meste a neskôr v hlavnom meste štátu Maryland. Preslávil sa aj v koloniálnej politike. V roku 1764 bol zvolený do dolnej komory koloniálneho zákonodarného zboru štátu Maryland ako zástupca Annapolisu a začiatkom sedemdesiatych rokov 17. storočia sa stal známym ako zručný zákonodarca a vynikajúci vodca a podľa starovekého gréckeho rečníka a politika dostal prezývku Maryland Demosthenes. . Zastupoval Maryland na kontinentálnych kongresoch v rokoch 1774 až 1778 a 1784 až 1785 a v roku 1778 slúžil až v tridsiatich výboroch vo svojom neúnavnom úsilí o podporu veci nezávislosti na Británii. Zasadzoval sa o bojkot Británie a politickú konfederáciu kolónií. Odsúdil tých, ktorí boli proti takýmto politikám, ako „opovrhnutiahodné nástroje moci, vychádzajúce z nejasností a vyhrievajúce sa v slnečnom svetle“. Spolu s Benjaminom Franklinom a Charlesom Carrollom cestoval Chase v roku 1776 do Montrealu v neúspešnom pokuse presvedčiť Kanadu, aby sa pripojila k americkým kolóniám pri ich vzbure proti Anglicku. V roku 1776 podpísal Deklaráciu nezávislosti a pracoval na jej prijatí v Marylande.

Chase helped draft the Maryland Constitution in 1776. He served in the Maryland House of Delegates for all but a year and a half between 1777 and 1788. When the U.S. Constitution came before the Maryland Convention for ratification Chase was in the minority of delegates who voted against it. He was an ardent Anti-Federalist at the time and argued that the Constitution concentrated power in the hands of the central government at the expense of the common individual. "I consider the Constitution," he wrote to a friend, "as radically defective in this essential: the bulk of the people can have nothing to say to it. The government is nie a government of the people." He also argued that the Constitution failed to protect the freedom of the press and the right to trial by jury.

His opposition to the Constitution cost him his state legislative seat in 1788. The same year, Chase also went bankrupt after several of his speculative business ventures failed. These business risks had also damaged his political career, which had been plagued with charges that he used his office for personal gain. In 1778 he had been dismissed from the Continental Congress for two years for allegedly attempting to corner the flour market and profit from speculation on prices.

Dogged by bankruptcy and charges of corruption, Chase sought refuge in the position of a local judge in Baltimore County in 1788. In 1791 he was concurrently appointed chief judge of the Maryland General Court. The state assembly, upset with his behavior on the bench and his holding two positions as judge, tried unsuccessfully to remove him from both positions.

Chase might seem to have been an unlikely choice for a Supreme Court justice. However, President george washington nominated him to the Supreme Court on January 26, 1796. Over the years Washington had been impressed by Chase's legal skills he also admired the zeal with which Chase had worked for American independence during the Revolutionary War as well as Chase's efforts in support of Washington in the Continental Congress. James McHenry of Maryland, the secretary of war and a friend of Washington's, strongly recommended Chase to Washington. Moreover, the Supreme Court was not very powerful or prestigious at the time and it was difficult to find a lawyer who would accept a position on it. The job did not pay well and justices had to travel long distances to preside over circuit courts.

Chase took his seat on the Court on February 4, 1796. He was an Anti-Federalist at the time of the Constitution's ratification but during his tenure on the Court he became a persuasive advocate for the federal judiciary's power to review legislation. Two cases from Chase's first session on the Supreme Court—Hylton v. United States, 3 U.S. (Dall.) 171, 1 L. Ed. 556, and Ware v. Hylton, 3 U.S. (Dall.) 199, 1 L. Ed. 568, both decided in March 1796—stand out. V Hylton v. United States, the Court for the first time reviewed a law passed by Congress. Although the Court refrained from declaring its ability to void acts of Congress on constitutional grounds, its review nevertheless paved the way for marbury v. madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137, 2 L. Ed. 60 (1803), which established the right of the Court to declare laws unconstitutional. At issue in Ware v. Hylton was whether a treaty decided by the federal government could take precedence over state laws. The U.S. government had made a treaty with Great Britain following the Revolutionary War that provided for the payment of debts owed to Great Britain. The states, meanwhile, had passed their own laws on this issue, many of which enabled U.S. citizens to forgo repaying their debts to British citizens. john marshall, future chief justice of the Court, argued the case before the Court for the debtors. The Court ruled that the national treaty had precedent over state law. Of Chase's opinion in this case, constitutional scholar edward s. corwin wrote in 1930 that it "remains to this day the most impressive assertion of the supremacy of national treaties over State laws."

V Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (Dall.) 386, 1 L. Ed. 648 (1798), Chase wrote a highly influential opinion for the Court. He defined a constitutional interpretation of ex post facto laws—that is, retroactive laws, or laws that affect matters occurring before their enactment. Chase decided that the Constitution's prohibition of such laws extended only to criminal statutes that make prior conduct a crime, not to civil statutes. Chase also set a precedent by arguing that any law "contrary to the great first principles z social compact" must be declared void. In his opinion, Chase emphasized that the Constitution limits the ability of legislators to disturb established property rights even when it does not expressly set forth such rights. Described by Presser as the natural-law basis of the Constitution, this argument broadened the Court's ability to test the constitutionality of legislation.

V United States v. Callender, Chase's Trial 65, Whart. St. Tr. 668, 25 F. Cas. 239, No. 14, 709 (C.C. Va.) (1800), Chase further defined the powers of the Court when he ruled that a jury could not decide the constitutionality of a law:

[T]he judicial power of the United States is the only proper and competent authority to decide whether any statute made by congress

(or any of the state legislatures) is contrary to, or in violation of, the federal constitution.… I believe that it has been the general and prevailing opinion in all the Union, that the power now wished to be exercised by a jury, belongs properly to the Federal Courts.

Chase also found himself embroiled in highly publicized political controversy for his actions both on and off the bench. For example, he made partisan speeches in 1796 for john adams, the Federalist party candidate for president, even after he had taken the position of Supreme Court justice. He also pushed for passage of the alien and sedition act, 1 Stat. 596 (1798), which outlawed "false, scandalous, and malicious" attacks on the government, the president, or Congress. The law was designed largely to discourage criticism of President Adams by the rival democratic-republican party, whose most well-known leader was thomas jefferson. In circuit court decisions in 1799 and 1800 Chase imposed harsh sentences on Democratic-Republicans who had published opinions critical of Adams's Federalist administration. In several cases Chase worked to keep Anti-Federalists off juries. In the case of John Fries of Pennsylvania, a strong supporter of Jefferson who had led rebellions against federal excise taxes, Chase sentenced the accused to death. President Adams subsequently set aside the sentence.

In 1800 the political atmosphere in Washington, D.C., changed when Jefferson defeated Adams for the presidency of the United States. In 1803 Chase got into trouble with the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans when he severely criticized their policies in front of a Baltimore grand jury. Chase explained that he objected to recent changes in Maryland law that gave more men the privilege of voting. Such changes as these advanced by Democratic-Republicans, Chase exclaimed, would

rapidly destroy all protection to property, and all security to personal liberty, and our Republican Constitution [would] sink into mobocracy, the worst of all possible governments.… The modern doctrines by our late reformers, that all men in a state of society are entitled to enjoy equal liberty and equal rights, have brought this mighty mischief upon us, and I fear that it will rapidly destroy progress, until peace and order, freedom and property shall be destroyed.

This angered Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans and in 1804 the U.S. House of Representatives voted to impeach Chase on charges of misconduct and bias in the sedition cases and of seditious criticism of Jefferson in the 1803 Baltimore grand jury charge. In 1805, the Democratic-Republican–controlled U.S. Senate moved to impeach Chase. Democratic-Republican senators charged that Chase had been guilty of judicial misconduct and that his partisan acts showed that he lacked political objectivity. Federalists defending Chase argued that he had committed no crime and that he could not be convicted under the constitutional definition of high crimes and misdemeanors. The Senate failed to achieve the two-thirds majority necessary to impeach Chase and he remained on the Court until his death.

Chase's acquittal set an important precedent for the Court—no Supreme Court justice could be removed simply because of his or her political beliefs. The failure to impeach Chase allowed Chief Justice Marshall to assert and define the powers of the Court in future decisions with more confidence. It was thus a step in the process of defining the independence of the Supreme Court as one of the three primary branches of U.S. government.

Chase avoided controversy in his subsequent work on the Court. His near impeachment served as a warning both to him and to other justices to be careful in their choice of words while in office. As Chase suffered in later years from declining health, Marshall became the most vocal justice and assumed Chase's position as the lightning rod for the Court.

Chase died June 19, 1811, in Baltimore. He was interred in St. Paul's Cemetery.


Salmon P. Chase: U.S. Senate and Governor of Ohio

Chase first entered politics in 1840, when he served in the Cincinnati city council. He later led the abolitionist Liberty Party and was instrumental in combining it with antislavery Democrats and Whigs to form the Free Soil Party, which opposed the expansion of slavery into the western U.S. territories. Chase coined the party’s famous motto: 𠇏ree Soil, Free Labor and Free Men.”

In 1849 Chase won a seat in the U.S. Senate on the Free Soil ticket, though he later classified himself as an “Independent Democrat.” While in Congress Chase was a prominent opponent of the Compromise of 1850, which introduced new fugitive slave laws. He was also vocal in his criticisms of 1854’s Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed the Kansas and Nebraska territories to choose whether they would allow slavery instead of banning the practice outright.

After leaving the U.S. Senate Chase became aligned with the newly formed Republican Party, and in 1855 he was elected governor of Ohio on the Republican ticket. As governor he helped guide a resolution opposing the Fugitive Slave Law through the state legislature.


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Descriptions of Samuel Chase

John Adams, Diary, 15 September 1775

Upon recollecting the Debates of this Day in Congress, there appears to me a remarkable Want of Judgment in some of our Members. Chase is violent and boisterous, asking his Pardon. He is tedious upon frivolous Points.

Mayor and Aldermen of Annapolis, During the Revolution

[Chase was a] busy, restless incendiary, a Ringleader of Mobs—a foul-mouth’d and inflaming son of Discord and Faction—a common Disturber of the public Tranquility, and a Promoter of the lawless excesses of the multitude.

Charles Carroll of Annapolis to Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 7 November 1777

I wrote to Chase with reflection and Cool deliberation. I do & must continue to look upon Him as a Rogue unworthy the Society of Honest Men unless He acknowledges His fault & endeavors Sincerely to Atone for it.

Louis Guillaume Otto, “Biographies”, Fall 1788

Elder member of Congress. Man of superior talents, as much for jurisprudence as for legislation, but whose moral character has often been attacked, without his excuses ever fully justifying himself.

John Adams to Abigail Adams, 6 February 1796

Mr. Chase is a new Judge, but although a good 1774 Man his Character has a Mist about it of suspicion and Impurity which gives occasion to the Enemy to censure. He has been a warm Party Man, and has made many Ennemies. His Corpulency . . . is against his riding Circuit very long.

Stevens Thomson Mason to James Madison, 23 April 1800

Thos. Cooper of Northumberland was tried and convicted on Saturday last for a libel on the President. A more oppressive and disgusting proceeding I never saw. Chase in his charge to the Jury (in a speech of an hour) showed all the zeal of a well fee’d Lawyer and the rancour of a vindictive and implacable enemy.

Philadelphia Aurora, 20 June 1800

Judge Chase [was] An Unprincipled tyrant, totally unfit to be intrusted with any power over the lives or liberties of the free citizens of America.

Manasseh Cutler to F. Poole, 13 February 1804

Judge Chase (one of the largest men I ever saw) is as remarkable for the largeness as Johnny [John Randolph of Roanoke] for the smallness of his size.

Joseph Story to Matthew Bramble, 10 June 1807

Accompanied by Mr. Harper, I paid a visit to Judge Chase, who is a rough, but very sensible man. He has counted nearly seventy winters, and yet possesses considerable vigor and vivacity but the flashes are irregular and sometimes ill-directed. In his person, he is tall, and not unlike [Theophilus] Parsons [that is, corpulent]. I suspect he is the American Thurlow,–bold, impetuous, overbearing, and decisive. He received us very kindly and with all his plainness of manners, I confess that he impressed me with respect.

Joseph Story to Samuel P.P. Fey, 25 February 1808

Of Chase I have formerly written. On a nearer view, I am satisfied that the elements of his mind are of the very first excellence age and infirmity have in some degree impaired them. His manners are coarse, and in appearance harsh but in reality he abounds with good humor. He loves to croak and grumble, and in the very same breath he amuses you extremely by his anecdotes and pleasantry. His first approach is formidable, but all difficulty vanishes when you once understand him. In person, in manners, in unwieldy strength, in severity of reproof, in real tenderness of heart and above all in intellect, he is the living, I had almost said the exact image of Samuel Johnson. To use a provincial expression, I like him hugely.


Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Samuel Chase ancestors, such as occupation. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status.

There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Samuel Chase. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Samuel Chase census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 642 immigration records available for the last name Samuel Chase. Zoznamy cestujúcich sú vašou vstupenkou k tomu, aby ste vedeli, kedy vaši predkovia dorazili do USA a ako sa vydali na cestu - od názvu lode po prístavy príchodu a odchodu.

There are 1,000 military records available for the last name Samuel Chase. For the veterans among your Samuel Chase ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Samuel Chase. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Samuel Chase census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 642 immigration records available for the last name Samuel Chase. Zoznamy cestujúcich sú vašou vstupenkou k tomu, aby ste vedeli, kedy vaši predkovia dorazili do USA a ako sa vydali na cestu - od názvu lode po prístavy príchodu a odchodu.

There are 1,000 military records available for the last name Samuel Chase. For the veterans among your Samuel Chase ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.


CHASE Genealogy

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IMPEACHMENT TRIAL OF SAMUEL CHASE

IMPEACHMENT TRIAL OF SAMUEL CHASE. On 2 May 1803, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase delivered a charge to a Baltimore grand jury in which he blasted Congress and the Jefferson administration for repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801 and thus unseating federal circuit court judges. He also lashed out at the Maryland legislature for eliminating property qualifications for the franchise and for interfering with the operation of Maryland's courts. Chase railed that America was risking a descent into "mobocracy," which he called "the worst form of all governments." Earlier, in the election year of 1800, he had earned the enmity of the Jeffersonians for his judicial conduct during seditious libel prosecutions of newspaper editors and others who were critical of the incumbent president, John Adams, and sympathetic to his challenger, Jefferson. Chase's active campaigning for Adams similarly secured their ire.

Thus, in 1804, the House of Representatives, with the tacit blessing of Jefferson, brought articles of impeachment against Chase, and he was tried before the Senate in 1805. There were eight articles, but the most important involved the 1803 grand jury charge and the allegedly partisan nature of Chase's conduct of the 1800 trial of James Thompson Callender, who had written a book critical of Adams, and of the trial for treason of John Fries, also in 1800.

The Senate prosecution of Chase was conducted by Representative John Randolph, a firebrand proponent of states' rights from Virginia. At the trial, Randolph presented an emotional but disorganized harangue against Chase. Chase was defended by the finest lawyers the Federalists could assemble, who emphasized that he was not accused of any crimes, but rather was impeached merely because he took legal positions not in accordance with the jurisprudential theories advanced by Jeffersonians. In particular, in the Callender and Fries trials Chase had sought to exclude evidence or arguments that he thought irrelevant and which might mislead the jury. Randolph argued that the juries should have been allowed to determine the law and the facts with a maximum of discretion, but Chase believed the jury had a more narrow role, to apply the law as given to it by the judge to the facts as found from the most reliable evidence. Chase's rulings were in keeping with what was to become American orthodoxy and Randolph's notions were no longer in the mainstream.

Chase's philippic before the Baltimore grand jury was more political than judicial, but the requisite two-thirds majority could not be found in the Senate even for conviction on that conduct. Persuaded that the prosecution of Chase represented an inappropriate attack on the independence of the judiciary, some Jeffersonian Republicans joined all the Federalist members of the Senate in voting to acquit, and thus Chase prevailed. The conventional wisdom regarding the outcome of Chase's impeachment—the only such proceeding ever brought against a U.S. Supreme Court justice—is that it showed that a judge could not be removed simply for taking politically unpopular positions. Less often observed is that the Chase impeachment caused the Supreme Court to shy away from overt displays of politics, and to a great extent, that it caused the federal judges to give up their role as "Republican schoolmasters" to the American public.


The Chase Lloyd House and Chase Home, Inc.

Young Maryland lawyer and future signer of the declaration of independence, Samuel Chase, started the construction of the Chase-Lloyd house in 1769 when he was just 25. Before Chase ran out of money in 1771, the unknown architect and builders Chase hired finished the foundation and outer shell of the Georgian style mansion. From its unusually tall three-story height, it is evident that Chase wanted his home to rival those of his far wealthier neighbors in grandeur. He, however, had to sell the unfinished mansion and settle for a less grand home elsewhere.

Chase sold the house to the wealthy plantation-owner, Edward Lloyd IV. Like Chase, Lloyd wanted a home in Annapolis so that he could establish himself in politics. At the time of the purchase, he had just been elected as delegate for Talbot County on the eastern shore where his plantations and primary residence were located. Lloyd hired the famous colonial architect, William Buckland, to finish the interior.

William Buckland continued the perfect Georgian symmetry of the outside of the home on the inside. He even installed false doors to keep the symmetrical aesthetic going on the first floor. The contrast of the austere elegance of the exterior and elaborately decorative moldings and plaster ceilings of the interior are also indicative of the Georgian style. The height of Buckland skill is, however, shown in the central cantilevered staircase and the Palladian window that the first tier of the staircase leads to. Buckland finished the home in 1774.

The Chase-Lloyd House is one of the last of its kind to be built in Annapolis. Though the house has been restored and updated for modern use many times, it has remained true to its initial design.

Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase was born on April 17 th , 1741 in Maryland’s Somerset County to the English-born Rev. Thomas Chase and Matilda Walker Chase. Chase was an only child, because, unfortunately, his mother died in childbirth. In 1744, he moves to Baltimore where he was educated primarily by his father in the classics. In 1759 at the age of 18, Chase leaves for Annapolis to study law at the offices of attorney John Hall. He started his own law practice in Annapolis, after he is accepted to the Bar in 1761. The very next year he married Anne Baldwin. They go on to have 7 children together, 3 who die in infancy.

Samuel Chase was an active leader in the Sons of Liberty by the time the Stamp Act comes around in 1763. In 1764, Chase was elected to the Lower House of Maryland’s colonial legislature. He is elected to represent Maryland in the Continental Congress in 1774, where he ardently advocated independence. He, of course, signs the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He then helps Maryland draft its new constitution and is elected to the Maryland house of delegates for every year between 1777 and 1788, but one. Samuel Chase remarries in 1784 to Hannah Kitty Giles (Anne Baldwin died in 1776). They have two daughters together.

Samuel Chase was always a passionate politician and it served him well in the pre-revolutionary and Revolutionary war periods of American history, but he suffers many scandals because of his zeal in the years to come. He is elected once again to the Continental Congress in 1788, and as an anti-federalist voted against the ratification of the Constitution. Alexander Hamilton also revealed his furtive attempts to corner the flour market that year. Thus Chase was forced to momentarily retire from the National stage. Bankrupt and charged with corruption, Chase managed to obtain a position as a local judge for Baltimore County. In 1791, he also obtained the position of chief judge of the Maryland General Court and held them simultaneously. Upset by this, the state assembly tried to get Chase removed from both position, but they fail.

In 1796, Chases fortunes take a turn for the better. Remembering his legal prowess and passion during the revolution, the now president George Washington appointed Samuel Chase to the Supreme Court. In several cases, Chases supported federal law over state law and defined ex post facto in Calder v. Bull. In a drastic change of position from his revolutionary days, Chase made several important decisions on the bench in favor of strengthening the power of the federal government. Under federalist president John Adams, Chase became highly critical of the opposing Democratic-Republican Party and a vocal supporter of the controversial Alien and Sedition Act. In a turning of the political tides, democratic-republican Thomas Jefferson is elected president in the next election. In 1804, president Jefferson and the democratic-republican controlled senate try to impeach Samuel Chase for having a judicial bias. To this day, Chase is the only Supreme Court justice to have been impeached. Since he never actually committed a crime, the senate failed to get the two-thirds majority they needed to impeach him. Chases acquittal established the Supreme Court as a completely separate branch of government, not controlled by the executive branch. It also chastened the justices into maintaining political objectivity.

Chase stayed on the Supreme Court until his death is 1811. He is buried in St. Paul’s cemetery in Baltimore.

Edward Lloyd IV

Edward Lloyd the fourth was a fifth generation Maryland planter. His family had lived on the Wye plantation in Talbot County on the eastern shore since 1649. He was one of the 3 children of Edward Lloyd III and Anne Rousby Lloyd who survived to adulthood. He was educated by private tutors from King William’s College (now St. Johns College). Lloyd married Elizabeth Tayloe in 1767 and they had seven children together, six daughters and one son. Upon his father’s death in 1770, he inherited a large portion of his father’s estate. Despite having fewer holdings than his father, Lloyd’s plantations were actually more profitable. He grew tobacco, like most plantation owners did, but also grain and livestock.

The Lloyds were a politically active and influential family. In 1771, Edward Lloyd IV was elected to represent Talbot County at the Maryland General Assembly. He bought and completed the Chase-Lloyd House for him and his family to live in while he was in office. Several of his children were born here and his youngest daughter, Mary Tayloe, was married to Francis Scott Key, the writer of the National Anthem, here in 1802.

Lloyd was re-elected in 1773, which would be the last election in Maryland under the rule of Lord Baltimore. After the revolution, Lloyd was on the executive council of the first Governor, Thomas Johnson, under Maryland’s new constitution for the first three years of the new government. In 1780 he was elected a Delegate to the Lower House of Assembly from Talbot County, and then in 1781 he was chosen by the Electoral College to be the State Senator for the Eastern Shore. In 1781, the revolutionary war was not over. British troops razed the Wye plantation and stole gold, silver jewelry and 8 slaves. Luckily none of the Lloyd family was home. Despite this scare, Lloyd served as a state senator until his death. He also served as a congressional senator in 1783 and 1784 under the Articles of Confederation. Though he did not attend the first Continental Congress (the one that wrote up the Declaration of Independence) he did attend the Continental Congress of 1788. This was the Continental Congress in which the Constitution was proposed and ratified. Lloyd, unlike Samuel Chase, voted for ratification.

In 1796, Lloyd died and was buried in his family cemetery at the Wye house. The Wye house is still owned and lived in by his decedents today.

Edward Lloyd V

Edward Lloyd the fourth’s fifth child and only son, Edward Lloyd the fifth, was only 16 when his father died. He married Sally Scott Murray in 1797, a year after his father’s death. In 1800, he reached the age of 21 and inherited his family plantation and the Chase-Lloyd House. (He also used the Chase-Lloyd House as a town house while he was in office.) The very same year, Lloyd was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates. He served there until 1805, when he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 1809, he won the governorship of Maryland by a landslide. The Chase-Lloyd House became known as the Governor’s mansion. In his delegate days, he had championed and won some minor battles for universal suffrage and as Governor he lessened the restriction for political candidates. He served until 1811, and then joined the War of 1812 as Lieutenant Colonel of the 9th Regiment of Maryland Militia. After the war, he served the Maryland senate and the U.S. senate. He sold the Chase-Lloyd House is 1826 to his brother-in-law, Henry Hall Harwood, for $6,500.

Lloyd died in 1834 at the age 54 at his mother-in-law’s house in Annapolis.

Hester Anne Chase and Hester Anne Chase Ridout

The Harwood’s owned the house until 1846, when they sold it to Hester Anne Chase for $5000. Chase’s father was Jeremiah Chase, a cousin of Samuel Chase, so the ownership of the Chase-Lloyd House had finally come full circle. As an un-married woman with no children of her own, she had bought the home to raise her three orphan nieces, Matilda, Francis, and Hester, in. The Chase-Lloyd House was also conveniently right across the street from the home of her still living sister. Chase was regarded as the wealthiest woman in Annapolis. She was one of the incorporating members of the Annapolis water company and one of the top investor at the Annapolis Gas Light Company.

Hester Anne Chase Ridout and her sisters inherited the house when their aunt died. By 1885, both Francis and Matilda had died in the house, leaving Hester as the sole heir. She wrote up her will in 1886, establishing the house as an independent living facility for elderly woman, and set up a board of trustees to run the house according to the requirements of her will. The board of trustees has now been successfully running the house now for over a century.


Pozri si video: Desenhos Bíblicos - Samuel, O Menino Profeta (Septembra 2022).


Komentáre:

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